Currently, 300 Sphinxes with Lion body and Ram heads are visible along this avenue (Dromos). (Information given by an Egyptian who have take care of the Luxor Temple for 35 years.)

We entered the temple of Luxor by a long avenue (Dromos) of Sphinxes starting at Karnak and ending at the Esplanade (the square) in front of the pylon. The Sphinxes from Karnak have a Ram’s head, and then to Luxor, become Sphinxes with Human heads. Dromos width is 27 meters or 50 royal cubits. It includes a paved road to the center of sandstone whose total width is 6.28 m or 12 royal cubits.



The Ram

Amun statue with a Ram’s head was in room 1. The official service began with Amen-m- hat (Dynasty XII) during Ram Amun constellation to approximately 2100 B.C. It will culminate at 1500 B.C. with the Amenhotep dynasty (Dynasty XVIII).

The passage from Taurus constellation to Aries constellation is narrated by the story of the Wise Ipu-our speaking about a serious revolution at the end of Empire, between 2720 (Borchardt) or 2400 (Moret) or 2242 (Drioton).

Graffiti on the room XII west door shows a Ram’s head on a pedestal. The focus on the Ram at this place of the temple of Luxor, corresponding to the head, is undoubtedly referring to the astrological sign who as the domination in this part of the human body.

At the beginning of this period, when the sun enters Aries constellation, inception of the domination from Amun, the King inaugurates the new order of that era. He is the first to enter the name of Amun in the appointment of the royal name.

A thorough study of the Chronologist E. Meyer on Egyptian calendars feasts confirms the hypothesis of J. Biot that the priests knew the precession equinoxes phenomenon, discovered that Proclus Diadochus already attributed to them.

Egyptian feast

A feast was organized at the temple of Karnak, the feast of Khoiak (Christmas). A procession started from Karnak to Luxor. This is confirmed on the « Nave » walls where is show the annual procession of golden Amun barques, Mut and Khonsu from Karnak to Luxor and returning there. At the feast in honor of the Saint, these barques, posed on chars and filled with children dressed in bright colors, are paraded along the Nile. Feast in honor of the saint Abou’L Haggag.

Symbolic Egyptian Initiation


We know that the Ram symbolizes the head. We find at Karnak a beetle on a pedestal, not far from the sacred lake. This scarab symbolizes the skull. We think that Karnak is part of a much larger temple (with Luxor), but in a different consciousness phase. This is the mystic geography of Pharaonic Egypt.

The alley that joined the Luxor Temple symbolizes the « passage » from one world to another, a transformation to another. The informal but divine substance, takes consistency in Luxor. The feast of Khoiak (Christmas), initiation ceremony, becomes important here.

Christmas is the less enlightened time of year, but where a seed, a germ of light begins to sprout in the ground. And this growth is well represented throughout the fetus and the man in the temple of Luxor. We can make an almost perfect analogy to our Christmas feast and the Egyptian initiation ceremony.

The King is born at midnight (Christmas) to be introduced, pubescent, at sunrise (6 am) corresponding to the spring equinox. The sign of Aries begins in the spring period, where starts to reappear sunlight. An invisible seed planted in the consciousness during the feast initiation of Khoiak will germinate in the temple of Luxor and display the anthropocosmic man.